Today I’d like to show how to automatically issue free SSL certificates via Let’s Encrypt in OpenResty Edge.
As always, let’s go to the OpenResty Edge’s Admin web console. This is our sample deployment of the console. Every user has her own local deployment.
This time we use our continuing sample application for the test-edge.com domain.
We can see that it already listens on the 443 port for SSL.
Let’s enter this application.
Here we need to demo sub-domain names, so we need to adjust the application’s settings first.
Let’s add a new wildcard domain name to this application.
Let’s push out this change to our gateway servers. Because Let’s Encrypt servers will need to verify our domains' ownership shortly.
Release our pending changes.
Goto the SSL page.
We can see that there are no SSL certificates defined yet.
Let’s add a new certificate.
We support various different ways to issue new SSL certificates.
Here we’d just demonstrate the Let’s Encrypt way.
Add the apex domain name test-edge.com to this certificate.
Add more sub-domain names.
api subdomain. It could be anything.
We could add even more.
We could use the batch input mode if we have many domains.
We can enter many domains here, line by line.
Quit the batch input mode.
All the domain names here must be resolved to the gateway servers of this OpenResty Edge deployment.
This requirement is also mentioned here.
On the terminal, we can use the
dig command to test if the domain has already resolved to our gateway servers.
We can see the valid DNS answer here.
And also test the other
Again, the DNS answer is good.
The Let’s Encrypt servers need to access our gateway servers through these domains. This is because they must make sure that we indeed own these domains.
For wildcard domains, you must also use OpenResty Edge as the authoritative DNS name servers for the domains.
Agree to the Lets' Encrypt Subscriber Agreement.
We can see the new row for the Let’s Encrypt certificate.
The certificate source is Let’s Encrypt.
It has two domain names, as expected.
We can view the real time status here.
We can check the detailed progress by clicking on this status icon.
We can observe the detailed logs regarding the Let’s Encrypt certificate issuing process here.
We can see now the certificate has been issued.
Let’s quit this status page.
We can view the expiration time of the new certificate in this column.
We can see that the certificate will expire in 3 months.
And OpenResty Edge will automatically update the certificate when it is about to expire in the future.
We can see the scheduled next update time will be in 2 months. That is, one month before it expires.
We can also edit an existing Let’s Encrypt certificate.
We don’t make any changes here.
Or we can delete this certificate.
We don’t want to delete it now.
We can also disable a certificate without removing it.
It can then be re-enabled again.
We need to make a new release to push out our new certificate, as always.
Click on this button.
It is done now!
Now the new certificate has been pushed to all the gateway clusters and servers.
Our configuration changes do NOT require server reload, restart, or binary upgrade. So it’s very efficient and scalable.
OpenResty Edge will then automatically update these certificates from Let’s Encrypt again before they expire.
If for some reason, some certificates fail to update, the user will get global notifications like this.
Let’s open a new browser tab to access the test-edge.com site via
Also test the
It works too!
We can also pick up a gateway cluster server to test our new certificate on the terminal.
We choose a gateway server here near San Francisco.
Copy its public IP address ending with 133.
On the terminal, we can send an HTTPS request to this gateway server.
curl -I --resolve 'test-edge.com:443:18.104.22.168' https://test-edge.com/
We can check more details like the certificate information by passing the
curl -I --resolve 'test-edge.com:443:22.214.171.124' https://test-edge.com/ -v
Run this command.
We can indeed see our server certificate here. We can also see the certificate is indeed issued by Let’s Encrypt.
Yichun is one of the earliest advocates and leaders of “open-source technology”. He worked at many internationally renowned tech companies, such as Cloudflare, Yahoo!. He is a pioneer of “edge computing”, “dynamic tracing” and “machine coding”, with over 22 years of programming and 16 years of open source experience. Yichun is well-known in the open-source space as the project leader of OpenResty®, adopted by more than 40 million global website domains.
OpenResty Inc., the enterprise software start-up founded by Yichun in 2017, has customers from some of the biggest companies in the world. Its flagship product, OpenResty XRay, is a non-invasive profiling and troubleshooting tool that significantly enhances and utilizes dynamic tracing technology.
As an avid open-source contributor, Yichun has contributed more than a million lines of code to numerous open-source projects, including Linux kernel, Nginx, LuaJIT, GDB, SystemTap, LLVM, Perl, etc. He has also authored more than 60 open-source software libraries.
We provide the Chinese translation for this article on blog.openresty.com.cn. We welcome interested readers to contribute translations in other natural languages as long as the full article is translated without any omissions. We thank them in advance.
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firstname.lastname@example.org . Thank you!