Today I’d show you how to configure OpenResty Edge hCaptcha for applications. hCaptcha is a third-party service that can help online services defend against bots, spam, and abuse.
As always, let’s go to the OpenResty Edge’s Admin web console. This is our sample deployment of the console. Every user has her local deployment.
Before we enable hCaptcha for our application, we need to config Sitekey and Secret key of hCaptcha first.
Let’s go to the Global Config page.
Go to the Captcha Configuration page.
The Sitekey and Secret key of hCaptcha need to be obtained from the official website of hCaptcha.
Go to the hCaptcha website and log in or sign up.
Then, go to the sites page to see our Sitekey list. Go to the Sitekey Settings page.
And we can get the sitekey details here.
Then we go to the settings page to get the secret key.
We can get the secret key here.
We enter the Sitekey and Secret key we obtained from the hcaptcha website.
Click to save.
Now that we’ve configured the Sitekey and Secret key for hCaptcha.
Let’s configure hCaptcha for our application.
We continue with the test-edge.com domain to demonstrate how to config hCaptcha.
Let’s enter this application.
We already have an upstream defined in our earlier tutorial.
my_backend upstream has a backend server defined already.
And we also have a page rule already defined.
In the previous tutorial, this page rule has set up a reverse proxy to the upstream we just saw.
Let’s add a new page rule to enable the hCaptcha action.
We do not specify a condition for this rule. So it will fire unconditionally.
Let’s add a new action.
Search for the action “Enable hCaptcha”.
Select the option “Enable hCaptcha”.
Clearance time means that when the client passes the captcha verification, the OpenResty Edge will allow all requests from the same client in the specified period. hCaptcha records the verification information through cookies.
We set the time to 10 seconds.
We insert this rule as an always top rule to ensure this rule is executed first. This is for our demonstration. You can set any order you want.
Save this rule.
As always, we need to make a new release to push out our edited page rule.
Click on this button.
It is fully synchronized.
Now the new page rule has been pushed to all the gateway clusters and servers.
Our configuration changes do NOT require server reload, restart, or binary upgrade. So it’s very efficient and scalable.
Now let’s access test-edge.com. We can see that the page returns the hCaptcha page instead of our original content.
Click to verify. We need to follow the instructions to select the correct image.
If the selection is incorrect, another group of images will continue to come out to select.
After verification, we can see the expected content of the URI. Remember we just set the clearance time to 10 seconds. We can access the application without captchas within 10 seconds.
After 10 seconds, we need to verify again.
In addition to setting the hCaptcha in action, we can also set it in the WAF rules. We will subsequently explain the specific features of the WAF rules in another video.
Let’s take a brief look at how to set up hCaptcha in WAF rules.
Let’s enable WAF.
We can set the block action to hCaptcha.
We selected the “OpenResty Edge gateway server captcha challenge - hCaptcha” option.
As with the action we set before, we need to set a clearance time here. I won’t demonstrate it in detail here. You can go through it in a WAF rules-related video.
This is what I’d like to cover today.
If you like this tutorial, please subscribe to this blog site and/or our YouTube channel. Thank you!
Yichun is one of the earliest advocates and leaders of “open-source technology”. He worked at many internationally renowned tech companies, such as Cloudflare, Yahoo!. He is a pioneer of “edge computing”, “dynamic tracing” and “machine coding”, with over 22 years of programming and 16 years of open source experience. Yichun is well-known in the open-source space as the project leader of OpenResty®, adopted by more than 40 million global website domains.
OpenResty Inc., the enterprise software start-up founded by Yichun in 2017, has customers from some of the biggest companies in the world. Its flagship product, OpenResty XRay, is a non-invasive profiling and troubleshooting tool that significantly enhances and utilizes dynamic tracing technology. And its OpenResty Edge product is a powerful distributed traffic management and private CDN software product.
As an avid open-source contributor, Yichun has contributed more than a million lines of code to numerous open-source projects, including Linux kernel, Nginx, LuaJIT, GDB, SystemTap, LLVM, Perl, etc. He has also authored more than 60 open-source software libraries.